Journal of Dental Lasers

ORIGINAL ARTICLE
Year
: 2015  |  Volume : 9  |  Issue : 1  |  Page : 31--37

Clinical efficacy of low-level laser therapy as an adjunct to nonsurgical treatment of chronic periodontitis


Uma Sudhakar, Satyanarayana, Sivasankari Thilagar, Snophia Suresh 
 Department of Periodontics, Thai Moogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Chennai, Tamil Nadu, India

Correspondence Address:
Dr. Uma Sudhakar
Thai Moogambigai Dental College and Hospital, Mugappair, Chennai - 600 017, Tamil Nadu
India

Aims and Objective : In recent years, there has been a growing interest in the use of dental lasers for the treatment of periodontal diseases. The purpose of this randomized, split-mouth clinical trial was to evaluate the clinical efficacy of low-level laser therapy (LLLT) as an adjunct to conventional scaling and root planning (SRP). Materials and Methods: A total of 10 patients with untreated chronic periodontitis were randomly assigned in a split-mouth design to receive SRP with or without adjunctive LLLT. Clinical parameters including plaque index, gingival index, probing pocket depth were recorded at baseline, 1 st month and 3 rd month after the treatment. Gingival crevicular fluid (GCF) was collected for the assay of interleukin-1b (IL-1b) levels at baseline, 1 st week and 1 st month. Results: Both laser and control sides showed a significant reduction in IL-1b levels in GCF at 1 st week and 1 st month (P < 0.001). On comparing, laser sides showed a significant reduction in IL-1b levels at 1 st week (P = 0.041). No significant difference in IL-1b levels were found between laser and control sides at 3 rd month (P = 0.450). All the clinical parameters showed a significant difference (P < 0.05) at 1 st and 3 rd month after the treatment between laser and control sides. Conclusion: The present study suggests that LLLT could be a beneficial adjunct to nonsurgical treatment of chronic periodontitis on a short-term basis.


How to cite this article:
Sudhakar U, Satyanarayana, Thilagar S, Suresh S. Clinical efficacy of low-level laser therapy as an adjunct to nonsurgical treatment of chronic periodontitis.J Dent Lasers 2015;9:31-37


How to cite this URL:
Sudhakar U, Satyanarayana, Thilagar S, Suresh S. Clinical efficacy of low-level laser therapy as an adjunct to nonsurgical treatment of chronic periodontitis. J Dent Lasers [serial online] 2015 [cited 2021 Jun 23 ];9:31-37
Available from: https://www.jdentlasers.org/article.asp?issn=2321-1385;year=2015;volume=9;issue=1;spage=31;epage=37;aulast=Sudhakar;type=0